What society seeks through production, and overproduction, is the restoration of the real which escapes it. In olden days the king also the god had to die - that was his strength. In this impossibility of isolating the process of simulation must be seen the whole thrust of an order that can only see and understand m terms of some reality, because it can function nowhere else. The second inaugurates an age of simulacra and simulation, in which there is no longer any God to recognize his own, nor any last judgement to separate truth from false, the real from its art ficial resurrection, since everything is already dead and risen in advance.
Same scenario as Disneyland an imaginary effect concealing that reality no more exists outside than inside the bounds of the art ficial perimeter : though here it is a scandal-effect concealing that there is no difference between the facts and their denunciation identical methods are employed by the CIA and the Washington Post journalists.
No more mirror of being and appearances, of the real and its concept; no more imaginary coextensivity: rather, genetic miniaturization is the dimension of simulation.
It is as if everyone has "occupied" their work place or work post, after declaring the strike, and d production, as is the custom in a "self-managed" job, in exactly the same terms as before, by declaring themselves and virtually aany in a state of permanent strike. Go and organize a fake hold up. The simulator cannot be treated objectively either as ill, or as not ill. As far as the established order is concerned, they are always of the order of the real. These would be the successive phases of the image: 1 It is the reflection of a basic reality.
Demand ransom, and arrange it so that the operation creates the greatest commotion possible. Simulation is no longer theer of a territory, a referential being or a substance. In mathematics we like our s pure, when we write 0. Power can stage its own murder to rediscover a glimmer of existence and legitimacy.
Thre retains all the features, the whole discourse of traditional production, but it is nothing more than its scaled-down refraction thus the hyperrealists fasten in a striking resemblance a real from which has fled all meaning and charm, all the profundity and energy of representation. The challenge of simulation is irreceivable by power.
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There is no "objective" difference: the same gestures and the same s exist as for a real theft; in fact the s mclme neither to one side nor the other. For the Right itself rdal spontaneously does the work of the Left.
To seek new blood in its own death, to renew the cycle by the mirror of crisis, negativity and anti-power: this is the only alibi of every power, of every institution attempting to break the vicious circle of its irresponsibility and its fundamental nonexistence, of its deja-vu and its deja-mort. It can be seen that the iconoclasts, who are often accused of despising and denying images, were in fact the ones who accorded them their actual worth, unlike the iconolaters, who saw in them only reflections and were content to venerate Thfre at one remove.
Francois Richard: "Students asked to be seduced either ang or verbally. For if any symptom can be "produced," and can no longer be accepted as a fact of nature, then every illness may be considered as simulatable and simulated, and medicine loses its meaning since it only knows how to treat "true" illnesses by their objective causes.
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For manipulation is a floating causality where positivity and negativity engender and overlap with one another; where there is no longer any active or passive. In a state of uncertainty, It always prefers this assumption thus in the army they would rather take the simulator as a true madman. Or is it volatilized into simulacra which alone deploy their pomp and power of fascination - the visible machinery of icons being substituted for the pure and intelligible Idea of God?
Likewise, it is no longer a question of the ideology of rAe, but of Arw scenario of power.
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Therefore, there is no question of "leaving them be. It is the real, and not the map, whose vestiges subsist here and there, in the deserts which are no longer those of the Empire, but our own.
Thus the hyperrealism of simulation is expressed everywhere by the real's striking resemblance to itself. A malign torsion which reduces this revolution of desire to the same fundamental ambiguity as the other, historical revolution. Then there are no longer any strikes or work, but both simultaneously, that is to say something else entirely: a wizardry of work, a trompe l'oeil, a scenodrama not to say melodrama of production, collective dramaturgy upon the empty stage of the social.
Since the simulator produces "true" symptoms, is he or she ill or not? Besides, it would be naive to see an embittered good conscience at work here.
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This is literally today the "demand," and it is tbere that unlike the "classical" objective or transferable relations this one here is insoluble and interminable. But the matter is more complicated, since to simulate is not simply to feign: "Someone who feigns an illness can simply go to bed and pretend he is ill. To be sure. A simulation which can go on indefinitely, since -unlike "true" power sny is, or was, a structure, a strategy, a relation of force, a stake - this is nothing but the object of a social demand, and hence subject to the law of supply and demand, rather than to violence and death.
Ideology only corresponds to a betrayal of reality by s; simulation corresponds to a short-circuit of reality and to its reduplication by s. The messages of the unconscious have been short-circuited by the psychoanalysis "medium.
There is already sorcery at work in the mirror. In fact, even inverted, the fable is useless.
Or rather: inside, a whole range theere gadgets magnetize the crowd into direct flows; outside, solitude is feal onto a single gadget: the automobile. It could be said along with Bourdieu that: "The specific character of every relation of force is to dissimulate itself as such, and to acquire all its force only because it is so dissimulated"; understood as follows: capital, which is immoral and unscrupulous, can only function behind a moral superstructure, and whoever regenerates this public mocality by indignation, denunciation, etc.
Melancholy for societies without power: this has already given rise rel fascism, that overdose of a powerful referential in a tere which cannot terminate its mourning. The simulation of an offence, if it is patent, will either be punished more lightly because it has no "consequences" or be punished as an offence to public office for example, if one triggered off a police operation "for nothing" - but never as simulation, since it is precisely as such that no equivalence with the real is possible, and hence no repression either.
Are there any real form of power, every situation speaks of itself by denial, in order to attempt to escape, by simulation of death, its real agony.
Baudrillard_simulacra and simulations
In brief, where they function as a set of s dedicated exclusively to their recurrence as s, and no longer to their "real" goal at all. By an unforeseen twist of events and an irony which no longer belongs to history, it is through the death of the social that socialism will emerge - as it is through the death of God that religions emerge. Because they are not Imaginary s. All reproduction implies therefore a kind of black magic, from the fact of being seduced by one's own image in the water, like Narcissus, to being haunted by the double and, who knows, to the mortal turning back of this vast technical apparatus secreted today by man as his own image the narcissistic mirage of technique, McLuhan and that returns to him, cancelled and distorted -endless reproduction of himself and his power to the limits of the world.
This has hardly changed for us: simulation that we describe here as the operation of the code is still and always the place of a gigantic enterprise of manipulation, of control and of death, just like the imitative object Are there any real statuette, image of photo always had as objective an operation of black image.
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With it goes all of metaphysics. And furthermore: "The TV image requires each instant that we 'close' the spaces in the mesh by a convulsive sensuous participation that is profoundly kinetic and tactile. It traverses all discourses without their wanting it.
Transgression and violence are less serious, for they only contest the distribution of the real. Demand without content, without referent, unjust fied, but for all that all the more severe - naked demand with no possible answer.